The human body is a complex system—it’s a wonder sometimes how everything works in such harmony (most of the time, at least). There are so many critical parts to the human body, such as the heart or brain, but one of the most essential organs in the body is the kidney. Do you love your kidneys?
Kidneys serve many purposes, and without a healthy one, you could die within days. A properly functioning kidney works in conjunction with other systems in the body, including the circulatory system.
Do you consider yourself someone who has a lot of medical knowledge? Maybe you’re good at biology. Wherever you think you stand, we have a challenge for you.
We’ve put together a quiz to test your knowledge of the kidneys and their role in the body. You’ll be tested on both anatomy and physiology, with a few other related questions thrown in for good measure. There are 50 questions. Let’s see how you do!
If you’ve never cracked open a quiz by Kyle, you’re missing out. This savvy examinator writes his knowledge from a place of passion - he made it to the final round in a quiz show as a child, and his love of the question-answer format was born. Never one to sit on his laurels, after losing out to a well-read young lady named Myrtle, Kyle set out become the best quiz master the internet has ever known. In his six-year tenure as a test-writer, has Kyle written for a) three quiz sites b) no quiz sites c) more than 30 quiz sites d) National Geographic. Yes - his friends also find him kind of obnoxious (and the answer is C). If you’re serious about your status as a supreme quizard and are determined to make your way through the ranks to our Expert level, you won’t be able to escape a few of Kyle’s challenging, informative projects.
In a paper published in 1907, a medical researcher by the name of Simon Flexner hypothesized that organs from the recently deceased could substitute unhealthy organs in humans.
It was several decades later, in 1933, in which a Soviet surgeon named Yuriy Voroniy attempted the first human kidney transplant. The transplant involved using a kidney removed six hours before and surgically placing it in the thigh. Unfortunately, the patient did not survive. Two days after the procedure, the patient ultimately rejected the graft, as the blood was incompatible.
The first successful transplant from one living human to another took place in Boston in 1954. The procedure was between identical twins, which eliminated the risk of incompatibility. The doctor, Joseph Murray, earned the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1990 for his contributions to science.
Since then, many advances have been made to help kidney transplant patients live longer and avoid unwanted immune system reactions.
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