When we think of surgery, most of us imagine a shiny operating theatre with state-of-the-art tools and machines. If you studied history, you might conjure images of gruesome procedures carried out in public auditoriums. However, it's now known that surgery pre-dates written history. There's evidence that as long ago as 6500 BCE, people were drilling holes in patients' skulls in a nightmarish-sounding operation called 'transpanation.' During this procedure, the surgeon would use a tool to drill or scrape away a small section of the skull bone to expose the membrane surrounding the brain, known as the 'dura mater.' The reasons for doing this aren't entirely clear, although historians believe doctors at the time may have attempted to cure epilepsy or relieve pressure within the skull. Surprisingly, it appears around half of the patients actually lived the tell the tale after undergoing transpanation.
Surgery is one of the toughest medical fields to break into, and it takes years of training to make it to the top. Many of us dream of becoming a doctor or surgeon, and the glamor (and salary) that comes alongside. If you haven’t had time to go to med school just yet, you may be wondering, do I have what it takes to be a surgeon? Get an idea with our quiz — without stepping foot inside an operating theatre. The human body is one of the most complex systems, and to become a marvel of medicine you need to know your veins from your arteries and your appendix from your gallbladder. So it’s time to don your white coat, bust out your stethoscope, and show you know your way around your own insides.
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