The idea of veterinary medicine dates as far back as 9000 BC in the Middle East. Egypt expanded on basic knowledge and incorporated more of their medical skills. In 3000 BC in Mesopotamia, there was a man described as being “an expert in healing animals.” There continued to be individuals who had expertise in animal healing, but it didn’t become formally recognized until many years later.
A veterinary school was founded in Lyon, France in 1761 by Claude Bourgelat, and this was considered to be the official beginning of the veterinary science profession. The school focused on sheep, horse, and cattle diseases, as there was a plague affecting cows at the time. By 1791, London had its first veterinary school, and it focused on the health and well-being of animals. In 1883, the School of Veterinary Medicine was established, and it’s still in operation today.